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BIAA - Maine

About BIAA - Maine Chapter

The Brain Injury Association of America (BIAA) is a national nonprofit organization founded in 1980. BIAA's mission is to advance brain injury prevention, research, treatment and education and to improve the quality of life for all people affected by brain injury. BIAA established its Maine Chapter in 2013 to address the needs of individuals with brain injury and their families who live in Maine.

The BIAA - Maine Chapter works to increase awareness of brain injury, provide information, resources and support, and advocate for prevention and improved funding and services across Maine.

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For information, resources and support, please call our Brain Injury Information Center at 1-800-444-6443 and visit us on Facebook!.

Brain Injury in Maine

Concussion and Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) in Maine

There were 263 TBI related deaths and 998 TBI related hospital discharges among Maine residents in 2008.

  • During 2008, every week, on average, there were five deaths and 19 hospital discharges that were TBI related.
  • Males were at significantly higher risk than other age groups for both TIB related deaths and hospital discharges.
  • Nearly 2/3 of the TBI related deaths (60.1%) were unintentional, 32.7% were suicide, and 4.2% were homicide. The remaining 3% were undetermined or unknown intent.
  • The three leading causes of TBI related deaths were self-inflicted firearm injury (31.9%), unintentional motor vehicle crashes (26%), and other unintentional transport incidents (4.3%; rail, water, and air, motor vehicle non-traffic, and other road vehicle incidents.)

Sports and Recreation and Concussion in Maine

In 2009, there were 375 emergency department (ED) visits at Maine hospitals related to concussions that happened during sports activities.

  • 84% sports related concussion ED visits were by children and youth. 6 of every 10 (60%) were by 14-18 year olds; 20% were by 10-13 year olds, and 4% were by children under 10. Nine percent of sports related concussion ED visits were by 19-24 year olds, 6% were by 25-44 year olds, and 1% were by 45-64 year olds.
  • 7 of 10 (71%) sports related concussion visits were by males.
  • There was no loss of consciousness for 61% of sports related concussion ED visits. 20% of visits were associated with loss of consciousness that lasted less than one hour. Loss of consciousness of unknown length was reported for 6% of visits. For 14% of visits, no information was available about whether the patient had experienced any loss of unconsciousness or not.
  • 99% of sports related concussion ED visits were discharged home.
  • 44% of sports related concussion ED visits among 10-18 year olds in 2009 occurred during September and October. On average, there were two sports related concussion ED visits at Maine hospitals by 10-18 year olds each day during those two months.


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