Characteristics, Rates, and Risk Factors of Violence-Related Traumatic Brain Injury
Categories: Violence-Related Traumatic Brain Injury
What is the rate and risk factors for violence-related traumatic brain injuries? What are the characteristics of individuals who receive them?
Past Studies about violence-related traumatic brain injuries are scarce. Within the Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems project, violence
is recorded as the second leading cause of brain injury for study participants. It is a priority of the Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems project
to investigate violence as a cause of traumatic brain injury and its
This Study examined information about 1229 individuals who were hospitalized with traumatic brain injuries and received inpatient rehabilitation
between the years 1990 and 2000. Reports were obtained from four of the Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems centers. The researchers identified that
325 of the individuals had received violence-related traumatic brain injuries. The researchers state that 88% of the individuals with violence-related
traumatic brain injuries were from large urban areas populated with a significantly higher number of individuals with lower income and less education,
so the results of this study may not be generalizable to all areas of the country.
Individuals with violence-related traumatic brain injury appeared most often to be unmarried African-American males who were unemployed, in their late
thirties, and had a prior history of brain injury. Individuals who were unemployed had
Who May Be Affected By These Findings
Individuals with brain injuries, health care providers, prevention specialists, and researchers
The information from the Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems
Twenty-six percent of the individuals in this study sustained a violence-related traumatic brain injury. Individuals with violence-related traumatic brain
injury were most often unmarried African-American males who were unemployed, in their late thirties, and had a prior history brain injury. Significantly,
individuals who were unemployed had
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Find This Study
Hanks, R. A., Wood, D. L., Millis, S., Harrison-Felix, C., Pierce, C. A., Rosenthal, M., Bushnik, T., High, W. M., & Kreutzer, J. (2003). Violent traumatic brain injury: Occurrence, patient characteristics, and risk factors from the Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems Project. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 84, 249-254.