Income and Employment Status One Year after Brain Injury
How is an individual’s income and employment status affected one year after experiencing a brain injury?
Past Studies have not examined long-term income loss or the amount of public assistance received by persons with traumatic brain injury.
Past researchers have determined that individuals with traumatic brain injuries have significant difficulties re-entering the workforce.
This Study analyzed information collected from 35 people who experienced a traumatic brain injury. Data about employment, income, and
government assistance was gathered at the time of injury and one year later. The researchers concluded that after one year, the number of people who
were working decreased by 55% and the number of people without jobs increased by 425%. It appeared that persons who had difficulties working before
experiencing a traumatic brain injury continued to have difficulties
Who May Be Affected By These Findings
Persons with brain injuries and their dependents, case managers/social workers, healthcare providers,
This study is based on a small number of people from one geographic region in the United States; therefore, the results may not be generalizable to the entire population of persons with brain injuries in the United States. In this study, the average yearly income pre-injury was less than the average U.S. annual income. Further research may determine if there is a relationship between a less than average pre-injury annual income and the incidence of traumatic brain injury.
These results are consistent with previous studies, which indicate that individuals with traumatic brain injuries experience difficulty obtaining employment
during the first year following injury and that as limited financial resources decrease,
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Find This Study
Johnstone, B.; Mount, D.; & Schopp, L. H. (2003). Financial and vocational outcomes one year after traumatic brain injury. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, (84), 238-241.