State Vocational Rehabilitation Program Use Appears to be a Predictor of Success
What are the characteristics of individuals who contact vocational rehabilitation programs, and what services are most useful for helping them return to work?
Past Studies recognize that many people who experience difficulty finding and keeping jobs after traumatic brain injury
This Study focused on 78 individuals with traumatic brain injury who requested state vocational rehabilitation services. Individuals who
sought state vocational rehabilitation programs were most often single white males with low intelligence and a high school education or less. They
were more likely to have significant or multiple traumatic brain injuries. On average, participants applied for vocational rehabilitation services
nine years after their injuries occurred and had severe financial difficulties. It appears that in itself,
Who May Be Affected By These Findings
Persons with traumatic brain injuries and their families, vocational rehabilitation providers, healthcare and rehabilitation providers, researchers
Seventy-five percent of the participants discontinued vocational rehabilitation before services could be offered or completed. The largest number of unsuccessful service completions was because individuals refused services. More research is necessary to determine why individuals discontinued or refused services.
It appears that being provided with vocational rehabilitation services is the most important factor for achieving employment success. Individuals who were most likely to request vocational rehabilitation services were single white males who had significant or multiple brain injuries, low IQs, low educational levels, and poor financial incomes. Services most often used were transportation, assessment, and financial assistance for living expenses. This study is limited to one region in just one state. Future research is necessary to provide information that is generalizable to all persons with brain injury. Additionally, it is important to ensure that individuals with traumatic brain injuries are aware of and able to access state vocational rehabilitation programs.
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Find This Study
Johnstone, B.; Vessell, R.; Bounds, T.; Hoskins, S.; & Sherman, A. (2003). Predictors of success for state vocational rehabilitation clients with traumatic brain injury. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 84, 161-167.