Predictors of Employment Outcome One to Three Years after Injury
What are predictors of employment for one to three years after traumatic brain injury?
Early Studies defined traumatic brain injury outcomes primarily in terms of survival rates. More recently, as more and more individuals have survived traumatic brain injury, successful traumatic brain injury outcome has been defined as the ability to function in the “real world.” Such functional outcome measurements have included the ability to return to work or school. Estimates of return to work rates after traumatic brain injury have differed widely—ranging from 20% to 99%. Past studies that have tried to predict employment outcome following traumatic brain injury have produced inconsistent results because the researchers used different definitions and methods when conducting their studies.
This study included 99 individuals with traumatic brain injury. At the time of their injury, 87 individuals (88%) were employed or students.
Twelve of the individuals (12%) were not engaged in
Who May Be Affected By These Findings
Individuals with traumatic brain injury, rehabilitation personnel, community integration planners, researchers
The findings of this study are similar to those of past studies, with one exception. In this study, age and injury severity were not predictors of
Individuals with more education, lower disability ratings, and that were
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Find This Study
Gollaher, K., High, W., Sherer, M., Bergloff, P., Boake, C., Young, M. E., & Ivanhoe, C. (1998). Prediction of employment outcome one to three years following traumatic brain injury. Brain Injury, 12, 255-263.