Many people who have a concussion will experience initial symptoms such as headaches, dizziness, thinking difficulties, and changes in behavior. Most people can expect their symptoms to diminish after 2-3 weeks. If symptoms continue beyond 14 days, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional trained in concussion treatment and management.
- After sustaining a concussion it is very important to avoid any activity that places the individual at risk of sustaining another concussion
- Assure the individual that he or she will be okay and that symptoms will reduce soon if he or she follows a recovery plan that balances rest and activity
- Since most individuals will recover completely, accommodations will be temporary
- Evaluation by healthcare professionals trained in the care of concussion is important
- It is just as important that those professionals who are selected to diagnose specific symptoms have expertise in managing those symptoms, such as headache or dizziness
A good physician is open to referring the student to specialists as needed. Ongoing coordination of those selected services is important while balancing rest and the return to activity. In addition to this, healthcare professionals who are trained in concussion management will also take into consideration the stressors that are present in the student’s life and how those may impact the recovery process. All factors need to be considered and addressed as a part of the recovery plan.
The good news is that research shows that early identification, education and management of symptoms can prevent long-term difficulties and disability. Managing the symptoms through a balance of rest and activity is the key to recovery.